2013年考博英语复习:含蓄虚拟条件句

来源:51考研网     更新时间:2024-06-26 02:15:03    发布时间: 1551 天前   浏览:313    
最佳答案 含蓄条件句是指句中没有明显的虚拟条件句,而是利用其他手段来暗示存在虚拟条件。但是这类隐含式虚拟条件句往往都可以转化为if

 含蓄条件句是指句中没有明显的虚拟条件句,而是利用其他手段来暗示存在虚拟条件。但是这类隐含式虚拟条件句往往都可以转化为if引导的条件句。常来表示含蓄虚拟条件的手段有:

  (1)介词或介词短语,如but for, but that, without, in case of, under more favorable condition等。

  the leadership of the party, we could not be living a happy today.=If there hadn't been the leadership of the party, we could not be living a happy today.

  A. In spite of B. But for C. Because of D. As for 答案选B。

  But that she was afraid, she would have said no.

  (2)连词,如:so that, unless, in case, supposing, lest, provided(倘若……),for fear that(唯恐),in order that, on condition that, if only(要是……就好了)等。

  She listened carefully in order that she might discover exactly what he wanted.=if she listened carefully ,she might discover exactly what he wanted.

  If only I had more money, I could buy a car.

  (注:lest, for fear that 和 in case 引起的从句中谓语动词多用should+动词原形,但可以不用虚拟语气,而用动词的陈述语气形式。)例如:

  The foreign teacher spoke slowly in case we misunderstood him. 这位外籍教师说得很慢以免我们听不懂。

  Care must be taken in using this method lest overflow should occur.在使用此法时要小心谨慎,以免会发生溢流现象。

  (3)通过上下文及内在含义,句中往往有but, otherwise, unfortunately等类似转折词。

  I thought the children when we returned home, but they were still awake.

  A. were sleeping B. would be sleeping C. had been sleeping D. would sleep选择 B。

  (4)形容词及其比较级

  A more careful person would not have made so many mistakes.

  A less conscientious man wouldn't have tried so hard to get this job done.

  (5)分词短语

  Having known in time, we might have prevented the accident.

  Born ten days earlier, the boy could have seen his late father.

  (6)动词不定式短语。一般intended/meant/hoped/wished/planned 或 was/were+不定式完成式或had intended/meant/planned/hoped/wished/+不定式一般式表示虚拟。

  I intended I should call on you, but I was busy at that time.

  To hear him speak French, you would take him for an Englishman.

  She would be stupid not to accept his invitation.

  It would be easier to do it this way.

  (7)名词短语和名词+and结构

  A judicious man would not have committed suicide.

  A diligent student would have worked harder.

  (8)独立主格结构

  All things considered, the price would be reasonable.

  (9)定语从句

  Anyone who had been in your position would have done the same.

  A nation, which stopped working, would be dead in a fortnight.

  (10)情态动词完成式暗示虚拟语气:

  I should have called to make an airline reservation, but I didn't.

  The porter ought to have called the fire-brigade as soon as he saw the fire in the stock, which went up in smoke.

  (11)动词原形表示虚拟

  动词原形直接用在句子中也被看作是一种虚拟,最常见于正式文体中,动词原形一般用在条件从句中,有时倒装置于句首,同时这种用法也常见于独立句中表达愿望。

  God bless you!

  All magnets behave the same, be they large or small.

  She'll be sixteen years odd, com May.(come May =when May come)。

  If that be so, we shall take action at once.

51考研网为您提供专业的 考博英语复习、 含蓄虚拟条件句、 相关的考研复试,希望对正在报考在职研究生的学员有所帮助!在职研究生报考、报名,请认准51考研网(https://www.028kaoyan.com/)!

 
本文来源 : 2013年考博英语复习:含蓄虚拟条件句   https://www.028kaoyan.com/j3808.html

相关标签 考博英语复习 含蓄虚拟条件句


精华阅读

为您推荐

0相关评论

热门专题

更多

热门问答

更多
  • 报考研究生是当下许多大学生的选择,而25考研预估人数也成为人们关注的焦点。据预估,2022年考研人数将继续增长,其中25考研预估

  • 本文主要介绍了24考研国家分数线预测,并探讨了报考研究生的一些相关信息。首先,我们来了解一下24考研国家分数线预测的背景。一

  • 近年来,越来越多的本科生选择报考研究生,特别是B类研究生。然而,很多人对于B类研究生是否有用还存在着疑虑。接下来,我们将详

  • UI设计研究生课程,是针对UI设计领域的研究生课程,旨在培养高水平的UI设计专业人才。一、UI设计研究生课程概述UI设计研究生课程

  • 介绍佛山科学技术研究生院佛山科学技术研究生院是一所新兴的独立学院,坐落于广东省佛山市南海区佛山科技园。该院的目标是为广大